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Oral health after 55: truths and advice 

We talk with Víctor Cubillo, Artedental’s medical director, who gives us information and some advice so that time continues to shape ideas, perspectives and vital priorities, but never our smile

 

Advancing years means taking care of our health more than ever.
The mouth, being one of the most showy and delicate parts of our body, requires special attention.
After 55, the risks of oral infection, gum wear or having to resort to a dental prosthesis are increased considerably. Therefore, any person needs to carry out specific care to successfully prevent the onset of diseases such as caries, halitosis or periodontitis.
Brushing your teeth, at least, twice a day, combining it with flossing and going periodically to the dentist, especially if you have special needs, are essential so that adding years does not mean a drama for the mouth.

It is easier to get cavities
After 55 years, the risk of caries increases greatly. At this age, almost 100% of the population has this disease in their mouth, which tends to reach the root, making it especially painful. It is essential to use a toothpaste with fluoride and use, at least once a day, dental floss.

After 55, the sensitivity is greater
With the passage of time, the discomfort and tooth sensitivity increase considerably, as the erosion of the enamel makes certain parts of the tooth, which had not been exposed to dangers until now, vulnerable to external agents.

Loss of teeth
The wear of the gums or other pathologies such as gingivitis or periodontitis, in which bacterial plaque accumulates on the teeth, can ultimately result in such loss of tissue that the teeth fall out. To avoid this possible nightmare, oral hygiene is unquestionable.

Body and mouth, now more connected than ever
With age also comes the possibility of emergence of some important pathology that must be conscientiously controlled like diabetes, cholesterol or cysts. It is important that at the time of going to the dentist, the patient communicates all the diagnostic conditions to ensure a satisfactory and safe treatment.

Dry mouth
Some of the most common concerns in people over 55 years of age is usually deteriorated aging. Clinics such as Artedental are specialised in counselling and treatment of people of this age group. Dry mouth, for example, tends to appear because of the intake of some medications as anticholinergics, but can be very detrimental to the quality of the mouth and should be treated as soon as possible.

Halitosis
On the other hand, the breath changes with age and halitosis may appear. Its causes are multiple and this can occur because of pathological problems or other external variables such as smoking, the taking of certain drugs or the diet itself. In the case that the patient has a dental prosthesis, there is a greater probability that food residues deposited in it will not be located. It is important to remove and clean the prosthesis at night so that odours do not occur. If the person has previously suffered a cancer or is receiving treatment. It is crucial that you go to the dentist to avoid a necrosis and not affect their quality of life.

Tobacco: the worst enemy for oral health
The effects of tobacco are harmful to the entire health of the body, but are especially evident in the mouth over the years. The deterioration in the colour and quality of the teeth are some of its most distinguished signs. Probably the most fearsome effect of smoking on oral health is oral cancer. Avoiding tobacco is essential for a good aging of the mouth.

Balanced diet and good oral hygiene, fundamental
As mentioned above, the basis of maintaining good oral health consists, at least, of brushing the teeth twice a day and the use of dental floss. However, much more can be done to ensure good oral cleansing. Remember that the teeth should be brushed in movements from the bottom up, investing about two minutes in the four parts of the mouth: left side, right side, front side and tongue. If there has been an intake of sweets, brushing should take place at least 20 minutes later, since the acids of sugar weaken the tooth enamel and its cleaning can wear it out. The use of oral rinses is also highly recommended, especially to avoid bad breath. On the other hand, a balanced diet, low in added sugars, alcohol or coffee, is always important to take care of the mouth. The best medicine will always be prevention. Therefore, you must visit the dentist at least once a year to ensure early diagnosis and good health for the mouth.