Alcohol and tobacco lead the way in Spanish “drugs” consumption
Consumption of all drugs, except cannabis and tobacco, among the Spanish population aged 15 and 64 has levelled out over the last two years.
This is according to the 2017-2018 Survey on Alcohol and other Drugs in Spain, conducted by the Government Delegation for the National Drugs Plan and published by the Ministry of Health, Consumption and Social Well-being.
The data from EDADES 2017-2018 show that the drugs consumed by a vast majority of people are legal. At the top of the list is alcohol (75.2% of respondents consumed alcohol in the last year; 77.6% in 2015), followed by tobacco (40.9% smoked tobacco in the last year, compared with 40.2% in 2015). Hypnosedatives (with or without prescription) are the third substance (11.1% now, compared with 12% in 2015) and cannabis is the fourth (11% now, compared with 9.5% in 2015).
All the other drugs included in the study show consumption levels in the last year of less than 2.5% (percentage of the population consuming them). Cocaine remains at 2.2%; extasy at 0.6%; hallucinogens at 0.4%; amphetamines at 0.5%; and heroin at 0.1%, the same percentage as the volatile inhalants. As regards the new psychoactive substances, 1.1% of Spaniards aged between 15 and 64 claimed to have tried them at some time in their lives.
The ages at which consumption begins showed no significant changes. Legal substances (alcohol and tobacco) are then ones people try at the youngest age, while the consumption of hypnosedatives begins later in life.
In terms of online gambling in 2017, 3.5% of the population aged 15 to 64 gambled with money online in the last year. Most of these gamblers were men aged 25 to 34, and sports wagering is the most popular online gambling activity.
In terms of offline gambling in 2017, 59.5% of the population aged 15 to 64 gambled offline in the last year. More men than women gamble offline and this type of gambling is directly related to the age of the population; older people gamble offline. The most common games are lotteries, which were played by the largest percentage (94%), followed by instant lotteries (22.1%) and the football pools and/or quinigol (16.4%).