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Don’t let tooth pain ruin your rest 

Senior woman sitting on a sofa

The pains related to dental problems could be among the most severe, such as nephriticcolic or the experience of childbirth.

Its intensity is such that even from the times of the Egyptian civilisation, there are records of its existence and its possible causes. Then, it was thought that the pain was caused by worms that lived inside the teeth, drinking blood and feeding on the roots of the jaws. This “Worm Theory”, as it is known, would be shared in Mesopotamia and Europe for centuries; and to mitigate the pain of said “worm”, opium, mandrake or hashish were used.

Today it is known that the causes have little to do with worms that inhabit the inside of the teeth and their remedies will depend on the disorders that cause it. If it happens that the pain appears in the middle of the holidays or in a foreign destination, it is best to go to reputable clinics where it is possible to receive care in your own language, since it is most likely that the discomfort will not improve with time but make it worse.

The experts of the Artedental clinic in Puerto de la Cruz, with more than a decade attending the British and German public in Tenerife, offer the following as possible causes of these discomforts; and they offer advice for their possible solution, always emphasising that the best option is a visit to the professionals.

The pain of teeth or molars appears because, in some way, the nerves that are part of them have been affected. Either by exposure of the roots, breakage of a tooth, decay or infections. Among the most common causes are the following diagnosis:

Dental sensitivity: it is the pain caused by the sensation of cold or heat, or acid or sweet substances. If it is strictly dental sensitivity, without signs of tooth decay or infection, it should be enough to use special toothpastes for this.

Caries: occurs when the plaque attacks the external surface of the teeth. These bacteria produce acids that consume enamel. If they reach the dentin, inside the tooth, it is possible that they reach the nerves, causing intense pain. In this case it is essential to go to the dentist to assess the development phase and what is the best treatment in each case.

Gum disease (gingivitis, periodontitis): if the bacteria that are established on the surface of the teeth are not eliminated by daily hygiene, they can inflame the gums and affect the gum tissue and the bone that supports the gum and tooth. When it has only affected the gingival tissue, it is about gingivitis and its most evident sign is the bleeding of the gums. If it reaches the bone, it will have passed to periodontitis, and the damage can be irreversible, even causing tooth loss. Daily brushing and flossing are the best option during the first phase of the disease. However, in its advanced phase will require a dental cleaning and even the smoothing of the gums by professionals.

Fractures or loss of teeth: the fractures can appear by simple wear, by blows or by biting hard objects. In these cases, it is common to feel pain or sensitivity to changes in temperature because the enamel is exposed. The options in these cases range from filling the crack to the use of crowns if necessary. Some cracks are so subtle that patients may not know that their pain is caused by them. This is why it is so important to visit the dentist and that he or she diagnoses the best treatment.

Molar eruption: if the wisdom teeth do not have space to align with the rest of teeth, they are trapped under the gum, causing great pain. Removing them is the most common option.

Bruxism: the lack of alig-nment between the upper and lower arches can cause significant problems in the temporomandibular joint (TMJ), which is responsible for movement and for fastening the jaw to the bone. This requires attention not only from the dentist, but also from the orthodontist and even from a mouth physiotherapist. Precisely for this, Artedental have incorporated in the clinic the services of a physio-therapist, to combine the multidisciplinary attention to the patient in a complete way.

Do not forget that the best option will always be to prevent pain, explain from Artedental, but for this it is necessary to comply with regular visits to the dentist, at least once a year. It does not seem like much, but the truth is that most patients go to pro-fessionals when the pain has already manifested, unequi-vocal proof that something is wrong.