Spain still committed to pollution reduction despite increased figures
CO2 emissions have grown in Spain by 4.4 percent in 2017 compared to the previous year.
Preliminary data to be sent to Brussels reveal that the emissions reached the 338.8 million tons of CO2 equivalent, which represents an increase of 4.4 per cent compared to 2016. This is the largest year-on-year increase since 2002.
The main reason for this rise is the 18.8 per cent increase in emissions from electricity generation, due to higher production in coal plants and combined cycle plants, together with a 49 per cent drop in hydraulic electricity generation in a year marked by drought.
“It is a negative balance and reveals that a greater penetration of renewable sources in the energy mix is necessary because Spain cannot continue to trust the good or bad results of the emissions trajectory to the weather conditions. to maintain optimum results, even when weather conditions are adverse, and to decouple as soon as possible the economic growth of greenhouse gas emissions, “said Secretary of State for the Environment, Hugo Morán.
In a year with a GDP increase of 3.1 per cent and hydrologically bad – 2017 was the warmest and the second driest since 1965 -, all emitting sectors experienced an increase in emissions.
The increase in emissions from the industrial sector (+ 3.2 per cent), road transport (+ 2.5 per cent) and agriculture (+ 2.9 per cent) also contributed to this increase. The main decreases were registered in the residential sector (-2.8 per cent) and in the use of fluorinated gases (-17.2 per cent).
With the preliminary data for 2017, the level of global emissions would be 17.8 per cent higher than the year 1990 and 23 per cent below the 2005 emissions.
The objective expressed by the Ministry for the Ecological Transition, which seeks to raise the ambition in the fight against climate change in Spain, poses a reduction of about 20 per cent over the level of 1990 to 2030, which translated to today’s figures would mean a decline of just over 45 per cent.
The draft Law on Climate Change and Energy Transition that the ministry hopes to be able to submit to information before August will mark the path to be able to meet the emission reduction objectives established by the Paris Agreement.