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Health chiefs issue ten major tips to stay safe in hot weather 

Woman using water bottle to cool down. Fitness and wellbeing concept with female athlete cooling down on a city street. She is holding a water bottle to her head to cool down. The sun is low creating long shadows and some lens flare. Copy space

Spain has activated its National Plan of Preventive Actions to combat the adverse effects of hot weather and it will remain active until September 15th.

The goal is to prevent and reduce the negative effects caused by hot weather on health, especially among the most vulnerable groups in society: the elderly, children and the chronically sick.

In order to minimise the adverse effects caused by hot weather on health, especially among the most vulnerable, the Spanish Ministry of Health, Social Services and Equality is highlighting a list of ten general recommendations:

Drink plenty of water or liquids, regardless of whether you feel thirsty and whatever physical activity you undertake.

Avoid drinking large quantities of drinks containing caffeine, alcohol or large amounts of sugar as they can lead to an increased loss of bodily fluids.

Although heat-related problems can affect anyone, special attention should be paid to infants and small children, the elderly and people suffering from illnesses that could be made worse with heat and dehydration, such as heart issues.

Try to stay in cool places, the shade or air conditioned spaces as much as possible, and cool yourself off whenever necessary.

Try to reduce physical activity and avoid outdoor sports at the hottest times of the day (from 12:00 midday to 17:00)

Wear light, loose-fitting clothes that let your body breathe.

Never leave someone in a parked and closed vehicle (especially children, the elderly or the chronically sick).

Consult your doctor if you have any symptoms lasting for more than one hour and that could be related to the hot weather.

Keep your medicines in a cool place, as the heat may alter their composition and effects.

Eat light meals that help replace the salts lost through sweating (salads, fruit, vegetables, juices, etc.)