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Spain consolidates as “the transplant nation” 

PAGE 18 Spain consolidates as  the transplant nation

Spain continues to break records and is once again the global leader in organ donation and transplantation.

“Spain has maintained its position as world leader in organ donation and trans-plantation thanks to the generosity of donors, and to their families, our healthcare professionals, the Spanish National Transplant Organisa-tion, our great National Health System and the firm and unwavering commitment by this government to giving life to those who need it most,” said the Spanish Minister for Health, Social Services and Equality, Dolors Montserrat.

Spain has maintained this global leadership for 26 straight years after it broke its own record by reaching 46.9 donors per million population in 2017, a total of 2,183 donors.

This led to 5,259 organ transplants, surpassing the figure of 5,000 for the first time in 2017. This result raises the transplant rate to 113 per million population and consolidates Spain interna-tionally as ‘the transplant nation’.

Dolors Montserrat stressed that these are “the best figures in the history of the Spanish transplant system” and demonstrate that “Spain is the most generous country in the world, where more people donate organs that save lives”. She therefore especially thanked Spanish society for its generosity at one of the most difficult times in their lives.

In this regard, she added that the organ donor rate per million population has increased by 30% in the last three years. These figures show that six people a day donated their organs in 2017 and 14 transplants were performed daily.

New all-time records for the Spanish National Transplant Organisation were also recorded for kidney, liver and lung transplants, and increases were recorded in all types of transplant except pancreas.

In contrast, the number of live-donor kidney transplants continued to fall, with a total of 332 (compared with 341 in 2016). This is likely due to a greater chance of receiving a transplant from a deceased donor. This type of transplant accounts for 10.2% of the total.

Donors from road traffic accidents account for 4.2% of the total, the lowest percentage to date.

Refusal from relatives stands at 12.9% (the lowest ever), which falls to 6.5% in the case of non heart-beating donors.