Dental veneers, an effective and aesthetic solution to breakages, shapes and unwanted colours of teeth
Tom Cruise, Demi Moore, Katy Perry, Megan Fox and Emily Blunt are just some of the endless list of celebrities who at some point decided to use veneers to improve their smile.
To understand what this treatment consists of, Dr. Víctor Cubillo, medical director of the Artedental clinic; and Fernando Cabeza, a prosthetics expert from the same clinic, located in Puerto de la Cruz, respond to some of the most asked questions about this aesthetic treatment.
What are dental veneres?
The veneers are very thin porcelain sheets that cover the front face of the teeth, so that they correct the alterations of shape, colour or breaks. It would be like giving a new “face” to the visible part of the teeth with a minimally invasive treatment and a result of a spectacular aesthetic, even in complex cases.
This treatment made Julia Roberts fashionable, followed by many movie stars, which is why they are still referred to as the “Hollywood Smile” treatment.
What problems can the veneers correct?
Stained or yellow teeth due to genetic conditions or the abuse of food such as coffee, wine or tobacco consumption. Fractured or chipped teeth and separated teeth. When the shape or size of the teeth become an aesthetic problem.
Is a veneer the same as a dental crown?
A crown is a piece of restoration manufactured in an artisanal and individualised way that will cover the whole tooth, and that will coincide in the shape, the colour and the anatomical needs that the patient requires.
The crown is used when the tooth is too defective and there is not enough support for the veneer.
In Artedental both solutions are practiced, depending on which is the best treatment for each patient. Contrary to what might seem, the veneer is a much more complex treatment than that of a crown, because the prosthetist must work this thin blade, carving it, giving it shape and applying colour when its volume ranges from only 0.3 to 0 , 5 mm.
However, once placed in the mouth, it has the same durability and strength as a crown. The skill of the prosthetist is fundamental to obtain a quality result.
Are there different types of veneers?
There are lithium disilicate, which require the carving of the tooth; and feldspathics, which involve a minimum of preparation in the tooth and its volume is even lower. In some cases, it is not necessary to carve the tooth.
What is the treatment?
After choosing the right colour and shape with the joint evaluation of the patient, the prosthetic master and the dentist, the veneers are fixed to the teeth through a cement of the selected colour. For this, the skill of the dentist and the prosthetist, who must have acquired extensive training and practise in dental cosmetics, is fundamental.
And the risks?
This treatment is, in most cases, an advantage rather than a risk. In the first place, because it acts as a protective layer against external and harmful factors such as acids; and on the other, because not being permanent, the patient and the dentist can decide to remove them when they consider it appropriate or necessary respectively. However, and like any restoration treatment, it is always advisable to maintain periodic reviews, at least once a year, to prevent any anomaly.